A report to define the structure of nocturnal landscape in Barcelona
Night-time planning is a major issue of concern in contemporary urbanism. The night poses significant challenges in urban environments going from energy saving and control of light pollution to balance night rest with an increasing economic activity, without forgetting the definition of a common identity non-reciprocal with the diurnal city.
This research aims to describe, using Barcelona as a case study, both the form and the behaviour of the nocturnal city in order to identify its values and elements, incorporating complexity to the fields of urban planning, landscape design, heritage conservation and lighting.
In line with previous research, the report assumes that landscape is the result of a cultural relationship between people and their environment. Understanding how behavioural patterns (citizen’s activity) interact with visual structures (cultural identity) and existing regulation is crucial to determine to what extent current nocturnal landscape is an expression of the commons.
Among specific objectives, the report focuses on the liaison between the diurnal and nocturnal visual structures, the link between light and urban activity and the role of common memories and heritage in the construction of night-time identity.
For this reason, the report is based on the analysis of mobility data, citizens’ activity and business type (over a period of one year) to define via clustering techniques several functional areas that have similar behaviour. The resulting areas have been crossed with visual structures (photographs), heritage, light pollution (satellite image) and current lighting regulations.
Client: Municipal Institute of Urban Landscape and Quality of Life, Barcelona City Council